Saturday, June 9, 2018

Art Gallery - Taiwan National Palace Museum: Gallery 205d (Magic Of The Kneaded Clay 05)

You are at - Jotaro's Blog / Footsteps-Cycling Taiwan 2017 / Art Gallery Taiwan Art / Taiwan National Palace Museum / 2nd Floor / Gallery 205d     |     Go To 201 / 203a / 203b /203c / 205a / 205b / 205c / 205e / 205f / 212 / 1st Flr / 3rd Flr
                    Footsteps - Jotaro's Travels                        
Taiwan National Palace Museum: 2nd Floor Gallery 205d
(Magic Of The Kneaded Clay 05) - November 2017
Teapot with blue landscape - Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.
The National Palace Museum, located in Taipei and TaibaoTaiwan, has a permanent collection of nearly 700,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks. Gallery 205d (Magic Of The Kneaded Clay 05) covers pottery produced during the reign of Emperor Yongzheng (雍正) (1678–1735), reign (17231735) of the Qing Dynasty (清朝) (1644-1912).

This blog comes in several pages, this is Gallery 205d of the second floor galleries, click below to navigate to other sections:
Go To 3rd Flr

Go to 2nd Flr 205c           |         Go To 2nd Flr Main        |         Go to 2nd Flr 205e >

Go To 1st Flr

A hard-working ruler, the Emperor Yongzheng's main goal was to create an effective government at minimal expense. Like his father, the Emperor Kangxi (康熙), he used military force to preserve the dynasty's position. His reign was known for being despotic, efficient, and vigorous. Although his reign was much shorter than that of both his father and his son, Emperor Qianlong (乾隆), the Yongzheng era was a period of peace and prosperity. He cracked down on corruption and reformed the financial administration. His reign saw the formation of the Grand Council (军机处), an institution which had an enormous impact on the future of the Qing Dynasty  dynasty.
Emperor Yongzheng paid close attention to whether the decorations on porcelain reflected a style of precision and culture. Court painters and artists, trained by Western painters, all participated in the painting and production of these porcelains. Examples include the famous high-ranking artist Tang Dai, and the Western painter Lángshìníng (郎世宁, Giuseppe Castiglione). When an exceptional piece was presented to him the emperor was generous when it comes to rewards, resulting in porcelain-body painted enamel-ware reaching a peak during his reign.
 Pottery made during this period include the following type and finishing:
a) Falangcai polychrome enamels is enamel color for porcelain which means foreign color.
b) Famille rose, Fencai (粉彩) (also known as Ruancai (軟彩), meaning 'soft colours', and later as Yangcai (洋彩), meaning 'foreign colours') was introduced during the reign of the Emperor Kangxi (1654–1722), possibly around 1720. It used mainly pink or purple and remained popular throughout the 18th and the 19th centuries, also being widely adopted by European factories. Famille rose enamel ware allows a greater range of colour and tone than was previously possible, enabling the depiction of more complex images, including flowers, figures and insects.
c) Blue and white porcelain (青花, Qīng-huā) covers a wide range of white pottery and porcelain decorated under the glaze with a blue pigment, generally cobalt oxide. The decoration is commonly applied by hand, originally by brush painting. Blue and white decoration first became widely used in Chinese porcelain in the 14th century, after the cobalt pigment for the blue began to be imported from Persia.
d) Jun ware (鈞窯) is a type of Chinese pottery, from one of the Five Great Kilns of the Song Dynasty ceramics. Despite its fame, much about Jun ware remains unclear, and the subject of arguments among experts. Several different types of pottery are covered by the term, produced over several centuries and in several places, during the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1126), Jin Dynasty (1115–1234) and Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368), and lasting into the early Ming Dynasty.
e) Celadon is a term for pottery denoting both wares glazed in the jade green celadon color, also known as greenware and a type of transparent glaze, often with small cracks, that was first used on greenware, but later used on other porcelains. Celadon originated in China, though the term is purely European, and notable kilns such as the Longquan kiln in Zhejiang province are renowned for their celadon glazes.
f) Ge Ware (哥窯) or Ko ware is a type of celadon or greenware in Chinese pottery. It was a renown pottery style from the Five Great Kilns of the Song Dynasty recognised by later Chinese writers, but has remained rather mysterious to modern scholars, with much debate as to which surviving pieces, if any, actually are Ge ware, whether they actually come from the Song, and where they were made. In recognition of this, many sources call all actual pieces Ge-type Ware.
It is clear that their distinguishing feature is deliberate crackle, or a network of cracks in the glaze; but this is not restricted to them, and in particular the related Guan ware uses very similar effects. Ge ware often shows "double crackle" or crackle of two types, and one view is that this is the defining characteristic of the type.

Ewer with chrysanthemum petal design - Blue and white porcelain (青花, Qīng-huā) porcelain.

Meiping vase with dragon pattern in red underglaze.

Plate with rendering of spirit fungus (靈芝) and orchids on yellow background - Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.

Plate with brown & black landscape on white background - Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.

Bowl with peony and bamboo - Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.

Bowl with brown and black landscape Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.

Vase with tubular handles - tea-green glaze porcelain.

Plate with chrysanthemum - Fencai (粉彩) polychrome enamels porcelain.

 Teapot with children at play Blue and white (青花Qīng-huā porcelain.

Cups with mynah Falangcai polychrome enamels porcelain.

Vase with Indian lotus scrolls and animal-shaped ears  Blue and white (青花Qīng-huā porcelain.

Vase with beast-shaped handles - imitation Jun ware (鈞窯) glaze porcelain.

Pot stand with splattered blue glaze - imitation style of Xuande ware.

Vase in cobalt blue glaze.

Vase in red glaze.

Vase with interlaced dragon design - Celadon porcelain.

Hu vase with beast-shaped handles - tea-green glaze porcelain.

Hexagonal vase with tubular handles - imitation Ge Ware (哥窯) glaze.

This blog comes in several pages, this is Gallery 205d of the second floor galleries, click below to navigate to other sections:
Go to 2nd Flr 205c           |         Go To 2nd Flr Main        |         Go to 2nd Flr 205e >
Go To 1st Flr

Second Floor Layout Plan National Palace Museum Taipei

National Palace Museum
No. 221, Sec 2, Zhi Shan Rd, Shilin District, Taipei City, Taiwan 111.
Entry fee: NTD 250
Sundays to Thursdays: 8:30am to 6:30pm     |     Fridays & Saturdays: 8:30am to 9:00pm
GPS & Direction Map: 25.10235, 121.54849

(Click here for interactive Google Street View)

Related & Similar Blogs :

Taiwan Art @ Taiwan's National Palace Museum (國立故宮博物院)

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Australian artwork and aborigine history at this gallery in Manly, Australia.

You are at - Jotaro's Blog / Footsteps-Cycling Taiwan 2017 / Art Gallery Taiwan Art / Taiwan National Palace Museum / 2nd Floor / Gallery 205d     |     Go To 201 / 203a / 203b /203c / 205a / 205b / 205c / 205e / 205f / 212 / 1st Flr / 3rd Flr
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